Scotia Advice+ logo

A strategic alliance is a cooperative agreement where companies come together for a specific duration and/or project and add value to each other through the alliance. Resources, skills, and/or capital are pooled for mutual gain.

Whether your business is small or large, creating domestic or international partnerships can help you gain an edge in today’s marketplace.

Strategic alliances let two (or three or four) companies share each other’s strengths. For example, a convenience store might form an alliance with a fuel company to create a one-stop gas station.

Together, these companies can pull in a larger number of customers and benefit from complementary sales activities.

Areas for strategic cooperation

  • Marketing
  • Outsourcing
  • Research and development
  • Licensing
  • Production
  • Foreign-market expansion

Benefits to strategic alliances

Consider the many benefits of a strategic alliance for your business:

  • Diversifying your product and/or service lines and markets
  • Providing access to new markets and product knowledge
  • Reducing or sharing potential risks
  • Blocking competition
  • Avoiding ‘reinventing the wheel’ each time
  • Reducing innovation costs
  • Shoring up gaps in your business
  • Accessing new resources·        
  • Enhancing your capacity to bid on large contracts
  • Strengthening customer and supplier relationships
  • Increasing your export capabilities

Despite the many potential benefits, strategic alliance partnerships can fail without careful consideration by all parties.


Select your partners carefully

Look for peers and who are like-minded and share your ethics. Viable sources include networking events, online groups or social networking, industry and trade publications, trade associations, government agencies, and even through your banker, lawyer, or accountant.

Make sure the alliance is a win-win situation. For example, if you plan on tackling the global market, your potential partner may be international, but may lack the product knowledge you have.


Be clear about your expectations and desired outcome

Identify the kind of alliance you want – marketing, licensing, distribution, technology, or research and development. Calculate the amount of time you can both realistically commit to the project. You should also determine how much you can afford to invest and lose, should your alliance fail.

It’s important to negotiate a formal contractual arrangement for further peace of mind.


Communicate, communicate, and communicate

Many business relationships fail because of faulty assumptions and poor communication. What’s obvious to you may be unclear to your partner, especially if you are dealing with different cultures or in different languages.

To avoid failure, take notes, have minutes of meetings recorded, and document all agreements and actions to be taken.


Set specific timelines

Set trial timeframes to get an idea of your partner’s work ethic, management style, attention to detail, and true commitment.

Be cautious about taking things to the next level before testing the waters. If your partner misses the first deadline, how will they meet future ones?


Establish an exit clause

Decide upfront (before anything goes wrong) on an exit strategy that suits you both if the alliance fails. It’s better to lose a partner in the early stages of a joint venture than to lose your good name in the marketplace.

Brainstorm possible best and worst case scenarios.


Celebrate your successes

If the partnership is working well, don’t forget to take a breather now and then and enjoy your mutual accomplishments.

To maintain motivation, it’s important to celebrate the milestones in your alliance such as the acquisition of your first big corporate account or receiving an award for exceeding industry standards. A lot of work and a little bit of play go a long way in a maintaining a healthy and successful strategic partnership.

The possibilities for business owners to create strategic alliances are endless. Do your homework to make sure it’s the right strategy for your business, target a strategic and motivated alliance partner, and be prepared for benefits and potential risks that may come your way.

It can be a delicate balancing act to maintain your autonomy and preserve your interests.

By sharing resources, costs, and risks, your strategic alliance may catapult your growth in a way you would never achieve on your own.