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This is a type of identity theft where criminals use email to try to bait you into fake or hoax websites. Once there, you are asked to disclose confidential financial and personal information, like passwords, credit card numbers, access codes or Social Insurance Numbers.
Emails tend to look authentic, featuring corporate logos and layouts similar to the ones used by institutions for legitimate communication. Because these emails can look so official, unsuspecting recipients may reply to them, resulting in financial losses, identity theft and other fraudulent activity.
Learn how to recognize a phony email, and prevent being scammed.
Scam artists have also found a way to send fraudulent messages to mobile phones. Smishing is similar to phishing, except that it is received via text message or SMS (Short Message Service).
Keep in mind all the points mentioned above when speaking about phishing. The intention behind text message phishing is the same as regular email phishing and the content and tone of the message is very similar.
The term comes from “voice” and “phishing”. Vishing uses telephone communications in combination with email or the Internet to steal information and money from unsuspecting consumers. There are a few different methods con artists use. Typically you are contacted by either a recorded phone message or by email and directed to call a phone number or go to a website to enter personal information.
Always remember that Scotiabank will never send you unsolicited emails or SMS messages asking for confidential information, such as your password, PIN, Access Code, credit card and account numbers. We will never ask you to validate or restore your account access through email or pop-up windows.
Hoax websites make every attempt to look like the real deal. They do their best to replicate the colours, logos, and text. However, there are often very obvious red flags that can tip you off to a fake.
These sites are created as the second step in “phishing” email scams and are intended to capture your personal information.
Know how to spot a fake
Ways to protect yourself
If you’re ever in doubt about whether a site is real or not, send an email message or make a phone call to the contact information available on the site.
With the popularity of email and the Internet, we often forget about the good old postal system. However, scam artists haven’t forgotten and still use the mail system to commit fraud.
The most common type of mail fraud is when you are asked to send money and receive nothing in return. For example:
The envelope and letter may look official, but always remember, you should never provide your personal information in a reply envelope, or include cheques or cash, unless you initiated the communication yourself or have positively verified the source.
Once thieves have obtained your name and personal information, they can go on to apply for credit cards and other financial products in your name, ultimately incurring debts. Learn more about Identity Theft.
Whenever you answer the phone and it’s someone you don’t know on the other end, take extra precautions. Scam artists are known to pose as representatives from legitimate financial institutions and other types of companies. The most common phone scams involve:
Another form of phone fraud is called Vishing. Learn more about Vishing specifics.